Independent Districts

County Sanitation Districts


A county sanitation district may acquire, construct and operate sewage collection, treatment and disposal works within or outside district boundaries. It may also provide water services.

A district may include incorporated or unincorporated territory. The governing body of a county sanitation district within unincorporated territory only is the board of supervisors. The governing board of a county sanitation district which includes both incorporated and unincorporated territory is made up of both city council and county supervisor members depending on the amount of overlap.

Fire Protection Districts


A fire protection district may provide fire protection services including ambulance services, rescue and first aid services, clearing of land, adoption of fire prevention ordinances, issuance of burning permits and dissemination of fire prevention information. A district may establish special fire protection zones when improvements are made which benefit only a portion of the district or for similar purposes. A district may consist of any incorporated and unincorporated territories which have not been declared the responsibility of the state for fire protection. The board of directors may be composed of one of the following alternatives:
  • The supervising authority (If the district includes only incorporated territory, this would be the city council; if more than one city is included, it would be the city council of the city with the largest population; if any unincorporated territory is included, the supervising authority is the board of supervisors.)
  • Five members appointed by the supervising authority
  • Five or eleven members appointed by and from the board of supervisors and by and from the city councils of the cities included within the district
  • Three or five members to be elected, generally, under the provisions of the Uniform District Election Law

Public Utility Districts


A Public Utility District may provide facilities and services for light, water, power, heat, transportation, telephone/telecommunication service, wastewater and solid waste disposal, fire protection, recreation, public parks and other public buildings, streets, and street drainage.

Public utility districts are governed by a three or five-member board of directors, although a larger board may be instituted by LAFCO in the course of a consolidation proceeding.

The jurisdiction of a P.U.D. may consist only of unincorporated territory. The boundaries of a public utility district may be altered by the annexation of unincorporated, contiguous territory, or the annexation of non-contiguous territory of at least 10 privately owned acres lying within three miles of the closest district boundary.