Peter Banning, Executive Officer - Evelyn Ellis, Assistant Planner - Candice Bozzard, Commission Clerk
165 North Redwood Drive, Suite 160 San Rafael, California 94903
The staff of Marin LAFCO gratefully acknowledges the time and effort of the County of Marin, the Bolinas Fire Protection District, and Bolinas Community Public Utility District who provided information and insight during the preparation of this report.
This report is presented as part of a process mandated by Sections 56425 and 56430 of the Cortese-Knox-Hertzberg Local Government Reorganization Act of 2000. As stated in that section, “In order to carry out its purposes and responsibilities for planning and shaping the logical and orderly development and coordination of local government agencies so as to advantageously provide for the present and future needs of the county and its communities, the Local Agency Formation Commission shall develop and determine the sphere of influence of each local governmental agency within the county.” As used in this section, “sphere of influence” means a plan for the probable physical boundaries and service area of a local government agency.
In determining a sphere of influence, the Commission is required to consider and make written findings with respect to the following factors:
Changes to State law effective on January 1, 2001 require LAFCOs to study the service relationships between agencies providing municipal services within different sub-regions in each county prior to the periodic review of adopted spheres of influence. In this report, discussion of service review determinations required by Section 56430 precedes recommendations for the sphere of influence of the public agency under study, the Marin Healthcare District.
The actual effect of these or any other adopted spheres of influence will be to provide LAFCO and local communities with policy guidance on matters relating to the boundaries and organization of local government agencies. In short, the purpose of the Commission’s sphere determinations is to answer the question, “What local agencies should provide which services to what geographical area as communities change?” More information on LAFCO and on all of Marin County’s local governments, services and boundaries may be found on the Commission’s website at http://lafco.marin.org.
Description of Community
The unincorporated residential community of Muir Beach is located in the southwestern part of Marin County. It is bounded on the west by the Pacific Ocean, on the east by Highway 1, and on the north and south by Federal park land under the Golden Gate National Recreation Area (GGNRA). The main access is through Highway 1.
Description of District
The Muir Beach Community Services District (MBCSD) was formed in 1958 under Section 61600 and 61601 et seq. of the California Government Code.
The district is responsible for water distribution, supply and treatment; road and access easement maintenance; recreation and assists the Muir Beach Volunteer Fire Department in the provision of supplemental fire protection service. A five- member Board of Directors, elected at-large, governs the MBCSD. A District Manager is responsible for administrative functions.
The MBCSD is located within the community of Muir Beach and encompasses approximately 820 acres. The District’s service area includes the Muir Beach residential area, Green Gulch Zen Center agricultural lands, Pelican Inn, and public lands of GGNRA (including Muir Beach). Facilities operated by the District include water wells, storage and distribution system, a community center and pedestrian trails. The MBCSD’s boundaries and sphere of influence are coterminous. A map of the MBCSD boundaries and its coterminous sphere of influence is shown on the following page.
The purpose for the District’s formation in 1958 was to take over the assets of the Muir Beach Water Company, which had been formed in 1928 to furnish water to the original Bello Beach Subdivision. In 1970, the District acquired the assets of the Seacape Mutual Water Company, which served the Seacape Subdivision properties.
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After World War II, California experienced dramatic growth in population and economic development. With this boom came a demand for housing, jobs, and public services. To accommodate this demand, the state approved the formation of many new local government agencies, often with little forethought as to the ultimate governance structures in a given region. The lack of coordination and adequate planning led to a multitude of overlapping, inefficient jurisdictional and service boundaries, and the premature conversion/loss of California’s agricultural and open-space lands.