Prepared by: Peter Banning, Executive Officer
165 North Redwood Drive, Suite 160 San Rafael, California 94903
The staff of Marin LAFCO gratefully acknowledge the time and effort of the staff and elected officials of southern Marin cities, special districts and the County who provided information and insight during the preparation of this report.
Uses of Spheres of Influence Adopted by LAFCO
This report is presented as part of a process mandated by Sections 56425 and 56430 of the Cortese-Knox-Hertzberg Local Government Reorganization Act of 2000. As stated in that section, “In order to carry out its purposes and responsibilities for planning and shaping the logical and orderly development and coordination of local government agencies so as to advantageously provide for the present and future needs of the county and its communities, the Local Agency Formation Commission shall develop and determine the sphere of influence of each local governmental agency within the county.” As used in this section, “sphere of influence” means a plan for the probable physical boundaries and service area of a local government agency.
In determining a sphere of influence, the Commission is required to consider and make written findings with respect to the following factors:
Following adoption, spheres of influence act as a guide to LAFCO review of future proposals for changes to local government boundaries. LAFCO is now required to update adopted spheres of influence every five years. Other local agencies, especially cities and counties, recognize and incorporate adopted spheres of influence in their general plans. Cities usually rely on spheres to define the planning area of their general plans. The Community Facilities Element of the Countywide General Plan designates “urban service areas.”
New legislation effective in 2001 requires LAFCO to perform “service reviews” prior to updating spheres of influence. In conducting a service review, LAFCOs review all of the agencies that provide each local service within a designated geographic area. Service reviews are intended to open discussion of alternatives to existing service arrangements that may improve service levels, efficiency and/or political accountability.
Local Government Structure in Southern Marin
Local government agencies in southern Marin County provide service through a complex pattern of jurisdictional and inter-jurisdictional relationships between four cities, eleven independent special districts plus various county service areas governed by the Board of Supervisors and joint-powers authorities made up of combinations of cities and special districts. The existing structure of local government is exceptionally complex for an area the approximate size of the City of San Rafael.
The study area encompasses a population of approximately 52,000. The four cities together (Belvedere, Tiburon, Mill Valley and Sausalito) encompass a population of approximately 32,000 or 62% of the total study area population. A series of unincorporated areas ranging in population size of less than 1,000 (Alto and Muir Woods Park) to over 5,000 (Tamalpais Valley). All areas within the study area receive services from a combination of a city, the county and one or more special districts.
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Notice is hereby and voluntarily given by the Marin Local Agency Formation Commission (LAFCO) that on Thursday, December 11, 2014 at 7:00 P.M. in the City of San Rafael Council Chambers located at 1400 Fifth Avenue, San Rafael, California the agency will consider the following:
Pending Review of a Draft Legislative Proposal
Marin LAFCO will consider the draft legislative proposal and a staff recommendation to support the underlying aims as described on December 11, 2014. Marin LAFCO Invites local agencies and any other interested parties to review the draft proposal and provide input to help inform the Commission's consideration. Comments should be provided by email and directed to Keene Simonds at by Friday, November 28, 2014.
Concurrent Proposal for Sphere Amendment and Annexation of Unincorporated Territory Identified as Assessor Parcel Number 022-071-19 to the City of Larkspur
The affected territory is 0.08 acres in size and located northeast of the intersection of Bayview Road and Tamalpais Road near Marin General Hospital. Potential amendments to the proposal recommended by staff include concurrent detachment of the affected territory from County Service Areas 27 and 31.
Concurrent Proposal for (a) Annexation of 1501 Lucas Valley Road to the Marin Municipal Water District and (b) Sphere Amendment and Annexation of 1501 Lucas Valley Road to Las Gallinas Valley Sanitary District
The affected territory is 61.3 acres in size and located along Lucas Valley Road near its intersection with Mount Shasta Road and identified by the County of Marin Assessor’s Office as 164-280-35. Potential amendments to the proposal include a recommendation by staff to bifurcate the proposal and consideration of the request specific to the Marin Municipal Water District to a later date.
Countywide Municipal Service Review on Public Water Services: West Marin Agencies
The Commission will open a public hearing to review and provide direction therein on the agency profiles completed to date on the four West Marin agencies included in Countywide Municipal Service Review on Public Water Services. The four affected agencies are Muir Beach Community Services District, Stinson Beach County Water District, Bolinas Community Public Utility District, and Inverness Public Utility District. The profiles represent an independent assessment of each agency’s administrative and service capacities relative to current and projected demands and are intended to serve as the source documents in preparing written determinations on – among other items – service needs and/or deficiencies as required under State law as part of the municipal service review process.
Regular Meeting - October 9, 2014
Regular Meeting - December 11 2014
Regular Meeting - February 12, 2015
After World War II, California experienced dramatic growth in population and economic development. With this boom came a demand for housing, jobs, and public services. To accommodate this demand, the state approved the formation of many new local government agencies, often with little forethought as to the ultimate governance structures in a given region. The lack of coordination and adequate planning led to a multitude of overlapping, inefficient jurisdictional and service boundaries, and the premature conversion/loss of California’s agricultural and open-space lands.